A hard cabinet wood, chocolate brown in color. It is tough, dense, durable, and very strong in comparison to its weight. It is used to make furniture of the highest quality.
Curved as opposed to being flat; bent out of shape.
A greatly watered down sealer or surface coating, diluted with a thinning agent. The purpose of using a wash coat is usuallv to hold down stain or coloring matter and prevent it from bleeding through into subsequent finish coats.
Made by mixing dry powders with water. They come in a variety of colors and are inexpensive but tend to raise the grain, especially when brushed on.
A foot used in the Queen Anne style on the bottom of cabriole legs. It has three toes with simulated webbs carved in the grooves separating the toes.
A tough banding made, of jute fiber used to support coil springs in upholstered furniture.
A short piece of wood about 3 inches wide and 6 inches long, into one end of which nails with pointed ends have been driven. The pointed ends of the nails are hooked into the webbing and, when used as a lever with the opposite end placed against the seat frame, it can be made to stretch the webbing prior to tacking it to the frame.
The warping of a board on an angle from corner to opposite corner.
A light chair composed of slender turned spindles.
An upholstered armchair with wings on each side. These were originally intended to ward off drafts of cold air.
The turned up, paper-thin edge of a plane blade, turned up as a result of whetting it on the oilstone.
The iron from which early American hardware was made. It is a malleable iron, easily worked on the forge.