Glossary Section T: Table à écrire - Turning Square

Table à écrire
A French term denoting a writing table, generally smaller than a bureau plat and provided with a slope or slides and a fitted writing drawer.
Table Ambulante
An 18th century French term for any light, portable table, usually intended for writing.
Table en Chiffonière
A small 18th century French work table with a high gallery around the top and several drawers in the frieze.
Table Saw
A power saw having a heavy cast-iron base to which an iron table with a smooth level surface is fastened. An electric motor with an arbor on which saws can he mounted is affixed to the base under the table. The saw protrudes through a slot in a removable plate set into the tabletop. The saw may be raised or lowered, and either the saw or the table may be tilted to saw at an angle. The tabletop is fitted with movable bars of wood or iron, known as fences. These hold or regulate the wood in its proper position to be cut.
Tack Rag
A rag for wiping dust free surface about to receive another con[ of finish. It is Usually made of cheesecloth saturated with water, turpentine and varnish to make it just sticky enough to pick up dust or lint from a surface over which it is wiped. It is not wet enough to deposit moisture.
Tail Member
In dovetailing the angled tenon that fits into the socket of like shape and size cut into another piece of wood to which it is to be joined.
Tailstock
The moveable casting which may he clamped to a lathe bed by means of a lever at any place between the headstock and the end of the lathe. It holds the dead center, which is a short tapered shaft fitted into a Morse socket in the end of the hollow spindle moved back and forth by a handwheel fastened to an adjusting screw, to hold one end of the piece to be turned.
Tall Clock
See grandfather clock.
Tambour Desk
A desk where the writing compartment is hidden behind vertical slatted shutters when not in use (see also roll-top desk).
Tang Chisel
A chisel those blade is fastened to the chisel handle with a nail like tapered shaft.
Tapestry
A woven upholstery material
Teak
A hardwood native to India and the islands of the East Indies. It resembles walnut in color and grain, though it has more of a tawny yellowish tinge. Silicates and minerals drawn into the wood dull ordinary edge tools very quickly and knives tipped with carbide must be used to work it. It is a very durable wood because of its oily composition.
Tempera
Powder colour mixed with thinned egg yolk. The paint work dries quickly and gives a tough surface.
Tenon
The male member of a mortise-and-tenon joint.
Tête-à-Tête
Various constructions wherein the seats are angled towards one another. Also see confident.
Thickness Planer
A machine for planing rough lumber smooth and to exact thickness.
Through Dovetail
A dovetail joint in which the ends of the tails and the ends of the pins are exposed after the joint has been assembled, because their length equals the thickness of the board to which they are joined.
Thrown Chair
See turned chair.
Thumbnail Molding
A molding whose shape resembles the end of a thumb. A refinement of the quarter round.
Tilt-Top Table
A small round table, the top of which may be tilted to a vertical position.
Timbers
Another name for the heavy wooden framework of a piece of furniture.
Toe Of Skew
The acute-angled point of a chisel.
Tongue And Groove
A joint cut on edges of hoards, consisting of a channel or groove on the edge of one board and a rib on the edge of another, which fits into the groove.
Top Rail
The topmost horizontal member which joins the uprights of a chair hack. Also known as a yoke rail or a cresting rail.
Townsend
The surnarne of a family of famous New England cabinetmakers who worked in Newport, Rhode Island. They were related to the Goddards by marriage and carried on their work in the same tradition.
Tracery
Decorative openwork of Gothic architecture or carving which bears some resemblance to it.
Trial Assembly
Assembly of structural elements in cabinetwork for the purpose of determining how well the pieces fit together.
Trifid
The three toed carved animal foot with two webike clefts between them carved on some Queen Anne furniture.
Triglyph
A block or tablet used as a decorative element on the frieze of the Doric order. It had three vertical angular-shaped grooves cut into it. On furniture, ornament incised or carved in relief and arranged in groups of three as decorations on early chests, cabinets, etc.
Try Square
A small square consisting of a handle fastened to a blade at right angles. The blade is 6, 8, or 10 inches long. It is used for testing squareness of lumber or squareness of work being assembled.
Try-And-Miter Square
A try square on which the handle, where it is fastened to the blade, is slanted to an angle of 45 deg, so it may be used to lay out or test 45 deg angles.
Turned Chair
A chair made up entirely of turned uprights and rails, often incorporating large numbers of decoratively turned spindles.
Turned Leg
A leg shaped on a lathe, usually circular in section. Turned legs are found in many traditional patterns, e.g. bobbin, bulb, barley sugar or barley twist, vase and baluster.
Turning Square
A piece of stock, square in section crossways, used for making spindle turnings, such as legs, stretchers, etc.