Glossary Section J: Jack Plane - Jointer Plane

Jack Plane
The most useful all-purpose hand plane in the woodworker's kit, having a bed 14 or 15 inches long, and the means for holding a plane iron and adjusting it.
Japan Dried
A drying agent for paint and other finishing materials.
Japanning
The term used in America and Britain for techniques used to imitate Oriental lacquerwork.
Joinery
The general term for connecting pieces of wood together with joints. Joined furniture is formed of vertical and horizontal members, united by mortice and tenon joints and supporting panels.
Joint Stool
A contemporary term for the mortice and tenon jointed stools of the 16th and 17th centuries, used now to refer specifically to stools with four turned legs, joined by stretchers near the feet and rails just below a rectangular seat. Also known as joyned or joined stool.
Jointer
A machine powered by an electric motor for planing lumber. It consists of a cutter head between two tables which may be adjusted up or down to regulate depth of cuts made by the cutter head.
Jointer Plane
A hand plane with a bed 22 to 24 inches long. It is used for leveling large surfaces and for straightening edges of boards to make a glue joint.