Glossary Section E: Early Georgian - Estampille

Early Georgian
The name given to furniture design and styles of ornament developed in England from 1702, when Queen Anne came to the throne, until about 1750 in the reign of George: II. The furniture is distinguished by its use of curvilinear line and contour, particularly as exemplified by the cabriole leg. Ornament, especially wood carving, was a distinguishing feature. At first mostly walnut was used, but toward the end of the period mahogany replaced it.
Ears
A term applied to the enrichment found at the ends of the upper rail on a comb-back Windsor chair.
Ébéniste
A French term for a cabinetmaker, a specialist in veneered furniture, as distinct from a menuisier or joiner or who specialised in carved pieces like chairs or beds.
Écran ù Pupitre
See écran ù secretaire
Écran ù Secretaire
A firescreen fitted with a shelf or slide at the back for writing.
Écritoire
A French term for a standish, a container designed to stand on a desk and hold inkwells, sandshakers, pens, penknives, perhaps scissors or a bell to summon a servant to take the finished letter. The term is also used for a travelling writing cabinet.
Edge Roll
Made by wrapping a roll of stuffing material in a strip of burlap, muslin, or tough paper. Stitching holds the stuffing material in place. Edge roll is tacked to edges of frames to keep loose stuffing materials from working thin or coming out of place.
Escritoire
An early 18th century English term for a writing desk, now often used to refer to the large fall-front writing desk of the late 17th and early 18th century.
Escutcheon
A plate surrounding and protecting a keyhole.
Estampille
The stamp with the name and initials of a maitre ébéniste which was obligatory on French furniture from about 1750 until the Revolution. The mark was struck with a cold punch rather than branded, although delicate pieces could be signed in ink. Furniture made for the crown did not have to be stamped and royal craftsmen were exempt.